Section III : Physical Chemical Characteristics
Boiling Point: Electrolyte 110°C - 121°C
Vapor Pressure: Electrolyte 11.7 mm Hg. at 120°C
Vapor Density (AIR = 1): Electrolyte 3.4
Solubility in Water: Lead, Lead Oxide and Lead Sulfate are insoluble in water. Sulfuric Acid is
100% soluble in water.
Appearance and Odor: The entire baltery is a solid article consisting of an opaque plastic case
with two protruding lead terminaIs of tin-plated brass lermlnals. The battery is odorless. Sulfuric
Acid is a liquid.
Specific Gravity (H20 = 1) Electrolyte 1.300
Health Hazard Information (Acute and Chronic) - Sulfuric Acid only.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified «strang inorganic acid mist containing sulfuric
acid as a Category 1 cacinogen, a substance that is cancinogenic to humans. This classiflcation does not apply to
liquid forms of sulfuric forms of sulfuric acis or sulfuric acid solutions contained within the battery. Inorganic acis mist
(sultfuric acic mist) is not generated under normal use of this product. Misuse of the product, such as overcharging,
may however result in the generation of sulfuric acid mist.
Section IV : Identification of Dangers
Routes of Entry: By inhalation (mist), skin and eyes, ingestion.
Acute: Tissue destruction on contact. May cause 2nd and 3rd degree burns or blindness.
Ingestion will cause corrosive burns on contact. May be fatal if swallowed.
Chronic: Inhalation of mists may cause upper respiratory irritation.
Signs ans Symptoms: Irritation and burning of exposed tissues.
Medical Conditions: Respiratory disorders may be aggravated by prolonged if inhalation of mists.
Section V : Emergency and First Aid Procedures
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. Give oxygen or artificial respiration if needed. Get immediate
Eye Contact: Flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get immediate medical attention.
Skin contact: Remove contaminated clothing and flush affected areas with plenty of water for at
least 15 minutes.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Dilute by giving large quantities of water. If available give
several glasses of milk. Do not give anything by mouth to an uncouscious perosn.
Give CPR if breathing has stopped. Get immediate medical attention.
Section VI : Handling and Storage
Handling: Use the handle if any, otherwise xareflly light te container from unneath.
Précausions:The batteries contain dilute suphuric acis. Prevent any risk of short-circuit between
the battery terminals.
Recommendations for use: Handle with care. Never lift batteries by their terninals.
Storage temperature: Min. -20°C Max. +40°C
Shelf life in normal storage conditions : 12 months at 20°C.
Section VII : Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
Flash Point: Not Applicable
Flammable Limits: Lower 4.10% (Hydrogen gas) Upper 74.20%
Extinguishing Media: Dry chemical, foam, halon or CO2
Special Fire Fighting Procedures :
If batteries are on charge, turn off power. Use positive pressure, self-contained breathing
apparratus in fighting fire. Water applied to electrolyte generates heat and causes it to splatter.
Wear acid resistant clothing. Venlilate area well.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards :
Hydrogen and oxygen gases are generated in cells during normal battery operation or when on
charge. (Hydrogen is flammable and oxygen supports combustion). These gases enter the air
throught the vent caps during battery overcharging.
To avoid risk of fire or explosion keeps sparks and other sources of ignition away from the battery.
Do not allow metal objects simultaneously contact bolh positive and negative terminaI of batteries.
Venlilate area well.
Section VIII : Reactivity Data
Stability: Stable under normal conditions.